WA Birds 09. Great Skua to Lesser Noddy

 

Great Skua (photograph)

Catharacta skua

Winter migrant.  Common on Hillarys pelagic trips from May to September.  Fairly common at Fremantle north mole in winter.  Seen at Albany, Cape Leeuwin and Dunsborough.

 

South Polar Skua

Catharacta maccormicki

Very rare in WA.  One seen on Hillarys pelagic in August 2004.  One beach washed reported at Rockingham in June 1994.  Reported at Albany and Two People's Bay in May 1986.

 

Pomarine Jaeger (photograph)

Stercorarius pomarinus

Summer migrant mostly December to early May.  Reported from Fremantle to Cape Leeuwin.  Seen at Woodman's Point.

 

Arctic Jaeger

Stercorarius parasiticus

Summer migrant mostly November to early May.  Reported from Fremantle to Cape Naturaliste. Occasionally reported further north.  Seen at Woodman's Point, Penguin Island and a few Hillarys pelagics.

 

Long-tailed Jaeger

Stercorarius longicaudus

Summer migrant.  Rarely reported in WA usually in February / March.  A few seen on the pelagic trip to Ashmore Reef in October 1996.

 

Pacific Gull (photographs)

Larus pacificus

Fairly common along the south coast at Augusta, Albany, Bremer Bay, Esperance, Eyre Bird Observatory.  Restricted on the west coast from Wedge Island to Point Quobba north of Carnarvon.  Seen at Kalbarri, Geraldton and the Abrolhos Islands.

 

Black-tailed Gull

Larus crassirostris

Very rare vagrant.  One reported at Lake Gregory in January 1997.  One first winter plumage seen at Geraldton in May 2007.

 

Kelp Gull (photographs)

Larus dominicanus

Very rare in WA.  Reported along the south coast and up the west coast to Shoalwater Bay.

 

Silver Gull (photographs)

Larus novaehollandiae

Very common around the coast and sometimes inland.  Up to 5,000 seen roosting overnight on Langley Park in Perth.  About 1,000 seen on west Lacepede Islands in November 1999.  Seen breeding on Rottnest Island, Penguin Island, Albany, Abrolhos Islands.

 

Black-headed Gull

Larus ridibundus

One seen at Broome sewage ponds in October 1991 reported by Brian Kane.  This was the first sighting for Australia.

 

Laughing Gull

Larus atricilla

Very rare.  An immature reported at Eyre Bird Observatory in December 1988.

 

Franklin’s Gull

Larus pipixcan

Rare in WA.  Seen on the Gascoyne River at Carnarvon in February 2004.  Reported at Geraldton (March 1976), Lake Monger (February 1988), Bibra Lake, Eagle Bay (April 1991), Esperance (December 1994), Hopetoun, Broome (December 1996), Kalbarri (January 2000).

 

Sabine’s Gull

Larus sabini

Very rare.  An immature reported at Cargill Saltworks near Port Hedland in February 1989.  A non breeding adult reported at Port Hedland in January 1990.  An adult in breeding plumage (found by Peter Barrand) seen at Munkayarra Claypan near Derby in late August 2006.

 

Gull-billed Tern

Sterna nilotica

Very common along the Pilbara and West Kimberley coast.  Seen at Port Hedland, 80 Mile Beach, Broome, Derby.  Fairly common on freshwater wetlands in the east Kimberley.  Seen at Parry Lagoons, Kununurra, Lake Argyle, Argyle Diamond Mine.  Smaller migratory race affinis banded on 80 Mile Beach and Broome.  Reported as far south as Stirling Ranges and Esperance.

 

Caspian Tern (photographs)

Sterna caspia

Fairly common in small numbers all round the coast and estuaries.  Seen inland in the east Kimberley at Kununurra, Lake Argyle, Argyle Diamond Mine and Lake Gregory.  Seen breeding in summer on Rottnest Island.

 

Lesser Crested Tern

Sterna bengalensis

Common along the coast and offshore islands north from Carnarvon.

 

Crested Tern (photograph)

Sterna bergii

Common along the coast and offshore islands especially in the south.  Seen breeding at Abrolhos Islands, Rottnest Island.

 

Roseate Tern (photographs)

Sterna dougallii

Migrant.  Fairly common off the northern coast.  Seen near the Lacepede Islands in May 1993, and October 1996 including a large flock (~1,000) seen offshore from James Price Point.  One seen on 80 Mile Beach in April 1996.  Seen breeding at the Abrolhos Islands in December 1990 and about 1,000 on Wooded Island in November 2001.  Uncommon further south.  Seen on Hillarys pelagic trip in April 1997.  A pair used to be seen every summer in the Mandurah harbour. Seen at Point Peron in late May 1997 (different race?).  About 10,000 seen roosting on west Lacepede Islands in November 1999.  About 10,000 seen just south of Monte Bello Islands in October 2000.  A few seen on other islands off the Pilbara coast.

 

Black-naped Tern

Sterna sumatrana

Very rare in WA.  Three seen between Scott Reef and Ashmore Reef in October 1996.  Reported at Bush Point near Broome in April 1996.

 

Common Tern (photograph)

Sterna hirundo

Summer migrant.  Common north of Carnarvon, especially at Port Hedland, 80 Mile Beach and Broome.  Up to 30 seen every summer at Mandurah.  Seen at Bremer Bay in January 1998.

 

Arctic Tern

Sterna paradisaea

Rare passage migrant in WA.  One seen at Mandurah harbour in January 1996 where it has been reported previously.  One at the back of the boat on the September 1999 Hillarys pelagic.  One seen on the Hillarys pelagic in June 2001.  One seen on the Albany pelagic in May 2004.  Reported at Fremantle harbour.

 

Antarctic Tern

Sterna vittata

Very rare in WA.  One specimen reported from Metricup during winter 1978.

 

Little Tern

Sterna albifrons

Common off the Kimberley and Pilbara coast.  Common at Broome, 80 Mile Beach and Port Hedland. Breeding on an island at Kimberley Coastal Camp.  Seen at Carnarvon.  Reported as far south as Shark Bay.

 

Fairy Tern

Sterna nereis

Common in the south.  Seen breeding at Abrolhos Islands, Rottnest Island, Mandurah.  A few seen on the islands off the Pilbara coast in October 2000.

 

Bridled Tern (photograph)

Sterna anaethetus

Summer breeding migrant to the south west as far south as Cape Leeuwin.  Large breeding colonies off the Pilbara coast and the Abrolhos Islands.  Breeds on many offshore rocky islands.  Seen breeding at Abrolhos Islands, Rottnest Island and Penguin Island.  1,000s seen on Adele Island and Lacepede Islands in November 1999 with a few breeding.  Very common off the Pilbara coast in October 2000.

 

Sooty Tern (photographs)

Sterna fuscata

Large breeding colonies on the Abrolhos Islands.  Also breeds on Ashmore Reef and Lacepede Islands.  A few seen off the Pilbara coast in October 2000.  Very seldom seen on the coast.

 

Whiskered Tern

Chlidonias hybridus

Widespread across the state mainly on freshwater in the north.  Very common at Broome including on the coast.  Breeding on flooded marsh just north of Sandfire Roadhouse in April 199?.  Seen at Wyndham, Kununurra, Lake Argyle, Argyle Diamond Mine, Derby.  Uncommon in the south.  Seen at Lake McLarty, Lake Goegrup, Herdsman Lake.  Seen at Nallan Lake.

 

White-winged Black Tern

Chlidonias leucopterus

Summer migrant.  Common in the Kimberley at Broome and Anna Plains Station.  Very common off the Pilbara coast in October 2000.  Three seen at Carnarvon in November 2001.  Reported to be common at Port Hedland.  Uncommon in the south.  Seen at Lake McLarty.  Reported at Yangebup Lake, Lake Muir.

 

Common Noddy (photograph)

Anous stolidus

Large breeding colonies on the Abrolhos Islands.  Common offshore in the west Kimberley.  Seen on the trip to Ashmore Reef in October 1996.  About 30,000 seen on west Lacepede Islands in November 1999.  A few seen off the Pilbara coast in October 2000.  Can be seen offshore from Lancelin.

 

Black Noddy (photograph)

Anous minutus

Rare in WA.  A few seen at Scott Reef and Ashmore Reef in October 1996 and November 1999.

 

Lesser Noddy (photographs)

Anous tenuirostris

Endemic race.  Large breeding colonies on the Abrolhos Islands.  Unlikely to be seen elsewhere.   One seen on Hillarys pelagic in June 2001.

 

White Tern

Gygis alba

Rare in WA.  One reported on Ashmore trip from Broome in October ????.  One reported at Wooded island in the Abrolhos Islands in December 2007.

 

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Copyright Frank O'Connor 1997-2007 Visits Last Modified 19th December 2007